Section 33 of the Nigerian Constitution 1999

Preamble to the Constitution Section 1 – Supremacy of constitution Section 2 – The Federal Republic of Nigeria Section 3 – States of the Federation and the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja Section 4 – Legislative powers Section 5 – Executive powers Section 6 – Judicial powers Section 7 – Local government system Section 8 – New states and boundary adjustment, etc. Section 9 – Mode of altering provisions of the constitution Section 10 – Prohibition of State Religion Section 11 – Public order and public security Section 12 – Implementation of treaties Section 13-24 – Chapter II [Fundamental Objectives and directive Principles of State Policy] Section 25-32 – Chapter III [Citizenship] Section 33 – Right to life Section 34 – Right to dignity of human persons Section 35 – Right to personal liberty Section 36 – Right to fair hearing Section 37 – Right to private and family life Section 38 – Right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion Section 39 – Right to freedom of expression and the press Section 40 – Right to peaceful assembly and association Section 41 – Right to freedom of movement Section 42 – Right to freedom from discrimination Section 43 – Right to acquire and own immovable property Section 44 – Compulsory acquisition of property Section 45 – Restriction on and derogation from fundamental human rights Section 46 – Special jurisdiction of High Court and Legal aid Section 47-51 [Part I – National Assembly (A – Composition and Staff of National Assembly)] Section 52-64 (B – Procedure for Summoning and Dissolution of National Assembly) Section 65-70 (C – Qualifications for Membership of National Assembly and Right of Attendance) Section 71-79 (D – Elections to National Assembly) Section 80-89 (E – Powers and Control over Public Funds) Section 90-93 [Part II – House of Assembly of a State (A – Composition and Staff of House of Assembly)] Section 94-105 (B – Procedure for Summoning and Dissolution of House of Assembly) Section 106-111 (C – Qualification for Membership of House of Assembly and Right of Attendance) Section 112-119 (D – Elections to a House of Assembly) Section 120-129 (E – Powers and control over Public Funds) Section 130-152 [Part I – Federal Executive (A – The President of the Federation)] Section 153-161 (B – Establishment of Certain Federal Executive Bodies) Section 162-168 (C – Public Revenue) Section 169-175 (D – The Public Service of the Federation) Section 176-196 [Part II – State Executive (A – The Governor of a State)] Section 197-205 (B – Establishment of Certain State Executive Bodies) Section 206-212 (C – The Public Service of State) Section 213 [Part III – Supplemental (A – National Population Census)] Section 214-216 (B – Nigeria Police Force) Section 217-220 (C – Armed Forces of the Federation) Section 221-229 (D – Political Parties) Section 230-236 [Part I – Federal Courts (A – The Supreme Court of Nigeria)] Section 237-248 (B – The Court of Appeal) Section 249-254 (C – The Federal High Court) Section 255-259 (D – The High Court of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja) Section 260-264 (E – The Sharia Court of Appeal of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja) Section 265-269 (F – The Customary Court of appeal of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja) Section 270-274 [Part II – State Courts (A – High Court of a State)] Section 275-279 (B – Sharia Court of Appeal of a State) Section 280-284 (C – Customary Court of Appeal of a State) Section 285 [Part III – Election Tribunals] Section 286-296 [Part IV – Supplemental] Section 297-304 [Part I – Federal Capital Territory, Abuja] Section 305-308 [Part II – Miscellaneous Provisions] Section 309-317 [Part III – Transitional Provisions and Savings] Section 318-320 [Part IV – Interpretation, Citation and Commencement] First Schedule Second Schedule Third Schedule Fourth Schedule Fifth Schedule Sixth Schedule Seventh Schedule

Section 33 of the Nigerian Constitution

Section 33 of the constitution of Nigeria is about Right to Life of the people of the country. It is under Chapter IV (Fundamental Rights) of the constitution. Section 33 has two subsections.

  1. (1) Every person has a right to life, and no one shall be deprived intentionally of his life, save in
    execution of the sentence of a court in respect of a criminal offence of which he has been found guilty
    in Nigeria.

    (2) A person shall not be regarded as having been deprived of his life in contravention of this section, if he dies as a result of the use, to such extent and in such circumstances as are permitted by law, of such force as is reasonably necessary –
    (a) for the defence of any person from unlawful violence or for the defence of property:
    (b) in order to effect a lawful arrest or to prevent the escape of a person lawfully detained; or
    (c) for the purpose of suppressing a riot, insurrection or mutiny.

Credit: https://publicofficialsfinancialdisclosure.worldbank.org/sites/fdl/files/assets/law-library-files/Nigeria_Constitution_1999_en.pdf

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Inioluwa Olaposi

Hi. I am Inioluwa and I'm interested in entrepreneurship and human development.

15 thoughts on “Section 33 of the Nigerian Constitution 1999”

  1. Please I have a question

    This recent Assertion by Senate Ali Ndume about killing bandits and terrorist, saying they have lost their human right to life, How true can this assertion be?, Cause looking at Section 33,35(1)&(5).

    I don’t know, someone please help me.

    Thanks

    1. Hello Favour. Nice to have you you here.

      Well, note that, under the Law, there is the Presumption of Innocence. This is entrenched in the Law of Nigeria by Section 36 (5) of the Constitution.

      Every alledged or charged offender is presumed innocent until declared guilty by the judgement of a competent court.

  2. Please I have a question

    This recent Assertion by Senate Ali Ndume about killing bandits and terrorist, saying they have lost their human right to life, How true can this assertion be?, Cause looking at Section 33,35(1)&(5).

    I don’t know, someone please help me.

    Thanks

    1. Hello Favour. Nice to have you you here.

      Well, note that, under the Law, there is the Presumption of Innocence. This is entrenched in the Law of Nigeria by Section 36 (5) of the Constitution.

      Every alledged or charged offender is presumed innocent until declared guilty by the judgement of a competent court.

  3. i like 1999 constitution befor you go there but i want to askin you question which side you can buy it

  4. i like 1999 constitution befor you go there but i want to askin you question which side you can buy it

    1. Thank you for reaching out.

      You can purchase a hardcopy of the 1999 Constitution at many bookshops across the country, most especially those selling wide varieties of books. Of course, electric copies are freely available online.

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