Article 102-104 Constitution of Singapore 1963
Article 102, 103, 104 of the Constitution of Singapore 1963 are under Chapter 1 (General Provisions) of Part IX of the Constitution. Part IX is titled The Public Service.
Article 102 Singapore Constitution 1963
(1) For the purposes of this Constitution and except as hereinafter in this Part provided, the public services shall be —
(a) the Singapore Armed Forces;
(b) the Singapore Civil Service;
(ba) the Singapore Judicial Service;
[Act 32 of 2021 wef 14/01/2022]
(c) the Singapore Legal Service; and
(d) the Singapore Police Force.
(2) [Deleted by Act 32 of 2021 wef 14/01/2022]
Article 103 Singapore Constitution 1963
Interpretation of this Part
(1) Subject to clause (2), in this Part, unless the context otherwise requires —
“appointed member” means —
(a) in Chapter 3 — a member of the Judicial Service Commission appointed under Article 111B(2)(c); and
(b) in Chapter 4 — a member of the Legal Service Commission appointed under Article 111J(2)(c);
“award” means any pension, gratuity or other similar allowance;
“Commission” means —
(a) in Chapter 2 — the Public Service Commission;
(b) in Chapter 3 — the Judicial Service Commission;
(c) in Chapter 4 — the Legal Service Commission; and
(d) in Chapter 5 — the Public Service Commission, the Judicial Service Commission or the Legal Service Commission;
“public office” does not include the following offices, and “public officer” has a corresponding meaning:
(a) any high judicial office;
(b) the office of Attorney‑General or Deputy Attorney‑General;
(c) the office of member of the Public Service Commission, the Judicial Service Commission or the Legal Service Commission;
(d) the office of any police officer below the rank of Inspector;
(e) any office the remuneration of the holder of which is calculated on a daily rate;
“public service” does not include service otherwise than in a civil capacity.
(2) The definitions of “public office”, “public officer” and “public service” in clause (1) do not apply for the purposes of Articles 112, 114 and 115.
Article 104 Singapore Constitution 1963
Provisions about public service
(1) Except as expressly provided by this Constitution, every person who is a member of the public service shall hold office during the pleasure of the President.
(2) Except as otherwise expressly provided by this Constitution, the qualifications for appointments and conditions of service of persons in the public services may be regulated by law and, subject to the provisions of any such law, by the President.
(3) The promotion of public officers is to be based on official qualifications, experience and merit.
(4) A public officer must not be dismissed or reduced in rank under this Part without being given a reasonable opportunity to be heard.
(5) Subject to Article 110D, an officer in any of the services mentioned in Article 102(1)(b), (ba), (c) and (d) must not be dismissed or reduced in rank by an authority subordinate to that which, at the time of the dismissal or reduction, has power to appoint an officer of that service of equal rank.