Article 29-31 Indian Constitution 1949
Article 29, 30, 31 of the Constitution of India 1949 are under Cultural and Educational Rights of Part III of the Constitution. Part III is titled ‘FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS’.
Article 29 Indian Constitution 1949
Protection of interests of minorities
(1) Any section of the citizens residing in the territory of India or any part thereof having a distinct language, script or culture of its own shall have the right to conserve the same.
(2) No citizen shall be denied admission into any educational institution maintained by the State or receiving aid out of State funds on grounds only of religion, race, caste, language or any of them.
Article 30 Indian Constitution 1949
Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions
(1) All minorities, whether based on religion or language, shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.
[(1A) In making any law providing for the compulsory acquisition of any property of an educational institution established and administered by a minority, referred to in clause (1), the State shall ensure that the amount fixed by or determined under such law for the acquisition of such property is such as would not restrict or abrogate the right guaranteed under that clause.]
(2) The State shall not, in granting aid to educational institutions, discriminate against any educational institution on the ground that it is under the management of a minority, whether based on religion or language.
Article 31 Indian Constitution 1949
[Compulsory acquisition of property.]
Omitted by the Constitution (Forty-fourth Amendment) Act, 1978, s. 6 (w.e.f. 20-6-1979).
Article 25 Indian Constitution 1949 (Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion)
Article 25-28 Indian Constitution 1949 (Right to Freedom of Religion)