Article 36-43B Indian Constitution 1949 (with amendments)

Article 36-43B Indian Constitution 1949

Article 36, 37, 38, 39, 39A, 40, 41, 42, 43, 43A, 43B of the Constitution of India 1949, among others, are under Part IV of the Constitution. Part IV is titled ‘DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY’.

Article 36 Indian Constitution 1949


In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires, “the State” has the same meaning
as in Part III.

Article 37 Indian Constitution 1949

Application of the principles contained in this Part

The provisions contained in this Part shall not be enforceable by any court, but the principles therein laid down are nevertheless fundamental in the governance of the country and it shall be the duty of the State to apply these principles in making laws.

Article 38 Indian Constitution 1949

State to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people

[(1)] The State shall strive to promote the welfare of the people by securing and protecting as effectively as it may a social order in which justice, social, economic and political, shall inform all the institutions of the national life.

[(2) The State shall, in particular, strive to minimise the inequalities in income, and endeavour to eliminate inequalities in status, facilities and opportunities, not only amongst individuals but also amongst groups of people residing in different areas or engaged in different vocations.]

SEE ALSO  Article 5-11 Indian Constitution 1949 (with amendments)

Article 39 Indian Constitution 1949

Certain principles of policy to be followed by the State

The State shall, in particular, direct its policy towards securing—
(a) that the citizens, men and women equally, have the right to an adequate means of livelihood;
(b) that the ownership and control of the material resources of the community are so distributed as best to subserve the common good;
(c) that the operation of the economic system does not result in the concentration of wealth and means of production to the common detriment;
(d) that there is equal pay for equal work for both men and women;
(e) that the health and strength of workers, men and women, and the tender age of children are not abused and that citizens are not forced by economic necessity to enter avocations unsuited to their age or strength;
[(f) that children are given opportunities and facilities to develop in a healthy manner and in conditions of freedom and dignity and that childhood and youth are protected against exploitation and against moral and material abandonment.]

Article 39A Indian Constitution 1949

Equal justice and free legal aid

The State shall secure that the operation of the legal system promotes justice, on a basis of equal opportunity, and shall, in particular, provide free legal aid, by suitable
legislation or schemes or in any other way, to ensure that opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any citizen by reason of economic or other disabilities.

Article 40 Indian Constitution 1949

Organisation of village panchayats

SEE ALSO  Article 51A Indian Constitution 1949 (with amendments)

The State shall take steps to organise village panchayats and endow them with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as units of

Article 41 Indian Constitution 1949

Right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases

The State shall, within the limits of its economic capacity and development, make effective provision for securing the right to work, to education and to public assistance in cases of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement, and in other cases of undeserved want.

Article 42 Indian Constitution 1949

Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief

The State shall make provision for securing just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief

Article 43 Indian Constitution 1949

Living wage, etc., for workers

The State shall endeavour to secure, by suitable legislation or economic organisation or in any other way, to all workers, agricultural, industrial or otherwise, work, a
living wage, conditions of work ensuring a decent standard of life and full enjoyment of leisure and social and cultural opportunities and, in particular, the State shall endeavour to promote cottage industries on an individual or co-operative basis in rural areas.

Article 43A Indian Constitution 1949

Participation of workers in management of industries

The State shall take steps, by suitable legislation or in any other way, to secure the participation of workers in the management of undertakings, establishments or other organisations engaged in any industry.

Article 43B Indian Constitution 1949

Promotion of co-operative societies

SEE ALSO  Article 101-104 Indian Constitution 1949 (with amendments)

The State shall endeavour to promote voluntary formation, autonomous functioning, democratic control and professional management of co-operative societies.

See also:

Article 32-35 Indian Constitution 1949 (Right to Constitutional Remedies)

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