Article 44-51 Indian Constitution 1949
Article 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 48A, 49, 50, 51 of the Constitution of India 1949, among others, are under Part IV of the Constitution. Part IV is titled ‘DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY’.
Table of Contents
Article 44 Indian Constitution 1949
Uniform civil code for the citizens
The State shall endeavour to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India.
Article 45 Indian Constitution 1949
Provision for early childhood care and education to children below the age of six years
The State shall endeavour to provide early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of six years.
Article 46 Indian Constitution 1949
Promotion of educational and economic interests of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other weaker sections
The State shall promote with special care the educational and economic interests
of the weaker sections of the people, and, in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes, and shall protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation.
Article 47 Indian Constitution 1949
Duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health
The State shall regard the raising of the level of nutrition and the standard of living of its people and the improvement of public health as among its primary duties and, in particular, the State shall endeavour to bring about prohibition of the consumption except for medicinal purposes of intoxicating drinks and of drugs which are injurious to health.
Article 48 Indian Constitution 1949
Organisation of agriculture and animal husbandry
The State shall endeavour to organise agriculture and animal husbandry on modern and scientific lines and shall, in particular, take steps for preserving and improving the breeds, and prohibiting the slaughter, of cows and calves and other milch and
Article 48A Indian Constitution 1949
Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wild life
The State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wild life of the country.
Article 49 Indian Constitution 1949
Protection of monuments and places and objects of national importance
It shall be the obligation of the State to protect every monument or place or object of artistic or historic interest, [declared by or under law made by Parliament] to be of national importance, from spoliation, disfigurement, destruction, removal, disposal or export, as the case may be.
Article 50 Indian Constitution 1949
Separation of judiciary from executive
The State shall take steps to separate the judiciary from the executive in the public services of the State.
Article 51 Indian Constitution 1949
Promotion of international peace and security
The State shall endeavour to—
(a) promote international peace and security;
(b) maintain just and honourable relations between nations;
(c) foster respect for international law and treaty obligations in the dealings of organised peoples with one another; and
(d) encourage settlement of international disputes by arbitration.
Article 39A Indian Constitution 1949 (Equal justice and free legal aid)