Article 61-68 Ethiopian Constitution 1994
Article 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, and 68 of the Constitution of Ethiopia 1994 are under Part Two (The House of the Federation) of Chapter Six of the Act. Chapter Six is titled The Federal Houses.
Article 61 Ethiopian Constitution 1994
Members of the House of the Federation
1. The House of the Federation is composed of representatives of Nations, Nationalities and Peoples.
2. Each Nation, Nationality and People shall be represented in the House of the Federation by at least one member. Each Nation or Nationality shall be represented by one additional representative for each one million of its population.
3, Members of the House of the Federation shall be elected by the State Councils. The State Councils may themselves elect representatives to the House of the Federation, or they may hold elections to have the representatives elected by the people directly.
Article 62 Ethiopian Constitution 1994
Powers and Functions of the House of the Federation
1. The House has the power to interpret the Constitution.
2. It shall organize the Council of Constitutional Inquiry.
3. It shall, in accordance with the Constitution, decide on issues relating to the rights of Nations, Nationalities and Peoples to self-determination, including the right to secession.
4. It shall promote the equality of the Peoples of Ethiopia enshrined in the Constitution and promote and consolidate their unity based on their mutual consent.
5. It shall exercise the powers concurrently entrusted to it and to the House of Peoples’ Representatives.
6. It shall strive to find solutions to disputes or misunderstandings that may arise between States.
7. It shall determine the division of revenues derived from joint Federal and State tax sources and the subsidies that the Federal Government may provide to the States.
8. It shall determine civil matters which require the enactment of laws by the House of Peoples’ Representatives.
9. It shall order Federal intervention of any State, in violation of this Constitution, endangers the constitutional order.
10. It shall establish permanent and ad hoc committees
11. It shall elect the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the House, and it shall adopt rules of procedure and internal administration.
Article 63 Ethiopian Constitution 1994
Immunity of Members of the House of the Federation
1. No member of the House of the Federation may be prosecuted on account of any vote he casts or opinion he expresses in the House, nor shall any administrative action be taken against any member on such grounds.
2. No member of the House of the Federation may be arrested or prosecuted without the permission of the House except in the case of flagrante delicto.
Article 64 Ethiopian Constitution 1994
Decisions and Rules of Procedure
1. The presence at a meeting of two-thirds of the members of the House of the Federation constitutes a quorum. All decisions of the House require the approval of a majority of members present and voting.
2. Members of the House may vote only when they are present in person in the House.
Article 65 Ethiopian Constitution 1994
The House of the Federation shall submit its budget for approval to the House of Peoples’ Representatives.
Article 66 Ethiopian Constitution 1994
Powers of the Speaker of the House
1. The Speaker of the House of the Federation shall preside over the meetings of the House.
2. He shall, on behalf of the House, direct all its administrative affairs.
3. He shall enforce all disciplinary actions the House takes on its members.
Article 67 Ethiopian Constitution 1994
Sessions and Term of Mandate
1. The House of the Federation shall hold at least two sessions annually.
2. The term of mandate of the House of the Federation shall be five years.
Article 68 Ethiopian Constitution 1994
No one may be a member of the House of Peoples’ Representatives and of the House of the Federation simultaneously.