Section 133-141 Constitution of South Africa 1996

Preamble Section 1-6 [Chapter 1 – Founding provisions] Section 7-8 (Rights & Appilcation) Section 9 (Equality) Section 10-11 (Human Dignity & Life) Section 12 (Freedom and Security of the Person) Section 13-14 (Slavery, Servitude and Forced Labour & Privacy) Section 15 (Freedom of Religion, Belief and Opinion) Section 16 (Freedom of Expression) Section 17-18 (Assembly, Demonstration, Picket and Petition & Freedom of Association) Section 19 (Political Rights) Section 20-21 (Citizenship & Freedom of Movement and Residence) Section 22 (Freedom of Trade, Occupation and Profession) Section 23 (Labour Relations) Section 24 (Environment) Section 25 (Property) Section 26-27 (Housing & Health Care, Food Water and Social Security) Section 28 (Children) Section 29 (Education) Section 30 (Language and Culture) Section 31 (Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Communities) Section 32 (Access to Information) Section 33 (Just Administrative Action) Section 34 (Access to Courts) Section 35 (Arrested, Detained and Accused Persons) Section 36 (Limitation of Rights) Section 37 (States of Emergency) Section 38 (Enforcement of Rights) Section 39 (Interpretation of Bill of Rights) Section 40-41 [Chapter 3 – Co-operative government] Section 42-52 Section 53-63 Section 64-74 Section 75-82 Section 83-92 Section 93-102 [Chapter 1 – Founding provisions] Section 103 (Provinces) Section 104-114 Section 115-124 Section 125-132 Section 133-141 Section 142-145 (Provincial Constitutions) Section 146-150 (Conflicting Laws) Section 151-164 [Chapter 7 – Local Government] Section 165-172 Section 173-180 Section 181-194 [Chapter 9 – State institutions supporting constitutional democracy] Section 195-197 [Chapter 10 – Public Administration] Section 198-210 [Chapter 111 – Security Services] Section 211-212 [Chapter 12 – Traditional Leaders] Section 213-219 (General Financial Matters) Section 220-230 Section 231-243 (General Provisions) Schedule 1 – National Flag Schedule 1A – Geographical areas of provinces Schedule 2 – Oaths & Solemn Affirmations Schedule 3 – Election Procedures Schedule 4 – Functional Areas of Concurrent National and Provincial Legislative Competence Schedule 5 – Functional Areas of Exclusive Provincial Legislative Competence Schedule 6 – Transitional Arrangements Schedule 7 – Laws Repealed

Section 133-141 Constitution of South Africa 1996

Section 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, and 141 of the Constitution of South Africa 1996 (as amended), among others, are under ‘Provincial Executives‘ of Chapter 6 of the Constitution. Chapter 6 is titled ‘Provinces‘.

Section 133 Constitution of South Africa 1996

Accountability and responsibilities 

1. The members of the Executive Council of a province are responsible for the functions of the executive assigned to them by the Premier.

See also  Constitution of South Africa 1996

2. Members of the Executive Council of a province are accountable collectively and individually to the legislature for the exercise of their powers and the performance of their functions.

3. Members of the Executive Council of a province must ­

a. act in accordance with the Constitution and, if a provincial constitution has been passed for the province, also that constitution; and

b. provide the legislature with full and regular reports concerning matters under their control.

Section 134 Constitution of South Africa 1996

Continuation of Executive Councils after elections 

When an election of a provincial legislature is held, the Executive Council and its members remain competent to function until the person elected Premier by the next legislature assumes office.

Section 135 Constitution of South Africa 1996

Oath or affirmation 

Before members of the Executive Council of a province begin to perform their functions, they must swear or affirm faithfulness to the Republic and obedience to the Constitution, in accordance with Schedule 2.

Section 136 Constitution of South Africa 1996

Conduct of members of Executive Councils

1. Members of the Executive Council of a province must act in accordance with a code of ethics prescribed by national legislation.

2. Members of the Executive Council of a province may not ­

a. undertake any other paid work;

b. act in any way that is inconsistent with their office, or expose themselves to any situation involving the risk of a conflict between their official responsibilities and private interests; or

c. use their position or any information entrusted to them, to enrich themselves or improperly benefit any other person.

Section 137 Constitution of South Africa 1996

Transfer of functions 

The Premier by proclamation may transfer to a member of the Executive Council ­

a. the administration of any legislation entrusted to another member; or

b. any power or function entrusted by legislation to another member.

Section 138 Constitution of South Africa 1996

Temporary assignment of functions 

The Premier of a province may assign to a member of the Executive Council any power or function of another member who is absent from office or is unable to exercise that power or perform that function.

Section 139 Constitution of South Africa 1996

Provincial intervention in local government

1. When a municipality cannot or does not fulfil an executive obligation in terms of the Constitution or legislation, the relevant provincial executive may intervene by taking any appropriate steps to ensure fulfilment of that obligation, including-

a. issuing a directive to the Municipal Council, describing the extent of the failure to fulfil its obligations and stating any steps required to meet its obligations;

b. assuming responsibility for the relevant obligation in that municipality to the extent necessary to-

i. maintain essential national standards or meet established minimum standards for the rendering of a service;

ii. prevent that Municipal Council from taking unreasonable action that is prejudicial to the interests of another municipality or to the province as a whole; or

See also  Schedule 3 Constitution of South Africa 1996

iii. maintain economic unity; or

c. dissolving the Municipal Council and appointing an administrator until a newly elected Municipal Council has been declared elected, if exceptional circumstances warrant such a step.

2. If a provincial executive intervenes in a municipality in terms of subsection (1)(b)-

a. it must submit a written notice of the intervention to-

i. the Cabinet member responsible for local government affairs; and

ii. the relevant provincial legislature and the National Council of Provinces, within 14 days after the intervention began;

b. the intervention must end if-

i. the Cabinet member responsible for local government affairs disapproves the intervention within 28 days after the intervention began or by the end of that period has not approved the intervention; or

ii. the Council disapproves the intervention within 180 days after the intervention began or by the end of that period has not approved the intervention; and

c. the Council must, while the intervention continues, review the intervention regularly and make any appropriate recommendations to the provincial executive.

3. If a Municipal Council is dissolved in terms of subsection (1) (c) –

a. the provincial executive must immediately submit a written notice of the dissolution to-

i. the Cabinet member responsible for local government affairs; and

ii. the relevant provincial legislature and the National Council of provinces; and

b. the dissolution takes effect 14 days from the date of receipt of the notice by the Council unless set aside by that Cabinet member or the Council before the expiry of those 14 days.

4. If a municipality cannot or does not fulfil an obligation in terms of the Constitution or legislation to approve a budget or any revenue-raising measures to give effect to the budget, the relevant provincial executive must intervene by taking any appropriate steps to ensure that the budget or those revenue-raising measures are approved, including dissolving the Municipal Council and-

a. appointing an administrator until a newly elected Municipal Council has been declared elected; and

b. approving a temporary budget or revenue-raising measures to provide for the continued functioning of the municipality.

5. If a municipality, as result of a crisis in its financial affairs, is in serious or persistent material breach of its obligations to provide basic services or to meet its financial commitments, or admits that it is unable to meet its obligations or financial commitments, the relevant provincial executive must-

a. impose a recovery plan aimed at securing the municipality’s ability to meet its obligations to provide basic services or its financial commitments, which-

i. is to be prepared in accordance with national legislation; and

ii. binds the municipality in the exercise of its legislative and executive authority, but only to the extent necessary to solve the crisis in its financial affairs; and

See also  Section 93-102 Constitution of South Africa 1996

b. dissolve the Municipal Council, if the municipality cannot or does not approve legislative measures, including a budget or any revenue-raising measures, necessary to give effect to the recovery plan, and-

i. appoint an administrator until a newly elected Municipal Council has been declared elected; and

ii. approve a temporary budget or revenue-raising measures or any other measures giving effect to the recovery plan to provide for the continued functioning of the municipality; or

c. if the Municipal Council is not dissolved in terms of paragraph (b) , assume responsibility for the implementation of the recovery plan to the extent that the municipality cannot or does not otherwise implement the recovery plan.

6. If a provincial executive intervenes in a municipality in terms of subsection (4) or (5), it must submit a written notice of the intervention to-

a. the Cabinet member responsible for local government affairs; and

b. the relevant provincial legislature and the National Council of Provinces, within seven days after the intervention began.

7. If a provincial executive cannot or does not or does not adequately exercise the powers or perform the functions referred to in subsection (4) or (5), the national executive must intervene in terms of subsection (4) or (5) in the stead of the relevant provincial executive.

8. National legislation may regulate the implementation of this section, including the processes established by this section.

 [S. 139 substituted by s. 4 of the Constitution Eleventh Amendment Act of 2003.]

Section 140 Constitution of South Africa 1996

 Executive decisions

1. A decision by the Premier of a province must be in writing if it ­

a. is taken in terms of legislation; or

b. has legal consequences.

2. A written decision by the Premier must be countersigned by another Executive Council member if that decision concerns a function assigned to that other member.

3. Proclamations, regulations and other instruments of subordinate legislation of a province must be accessible to the public.

4. Provincial legislation may specify the manner in which, and the extent to which, instruments mentioned in subsection (3) must be ­

a. tabled in the provincial legislature; and

b. approved by the provincial legislature.

Section 141 Constitution of South Africa 1996

Motions of no confidence 

1. If a provincial legislature, by a vote supported by a majority of its members, passes a motion of no confidence in the province’s Executive Council excluding the Premier, the Premier must reconstitute the Council.

2. If a provincial legislature, by a vote supported by a majority of its members, passes a motion of no confidence in the Premier, the Premier and the other members of the Executive Council must resign.


See also: Section 115-124 Constitution of South Africa 1996

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