Section 28-33 of the Land Use Act 2004
Section 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33 of the Land Use Act 2004 is under PART V (Revocation of rights of occupancy and compensation therefore) of the act.
Section 28 of the Land Use Act 2004
Power of Governor to revoke rights of occupancy
(1) It shall be lawful for the Governor to revoke a right of occupancy for overriding public interest.
(2) Overriding public interest in the case of a statutory right of occupancy means–.
(a) the alienation by the occupier by assignment, mortgage, transfer of possession, sublease, or otherwise of any right of occupancy or part thereof contrary to the provisions of this Act or of any regulations made thereunder;
(b) the requirement of the land by the Government of the State or by a Local Government in the State, in either case for public purposes within the State, or the requirement of the land by the Government of the Federation for public purposes of the Federation;
(c) the requirement of the land for mining purposes or oil pipelines or for any purpose connected therewith.
(3) Overriding public interest in the case of a customary right of occupancy means –
(a) the requirement of the land by the Government of the State or by a Local Government in the State in either case for public purpose within the State, or the requirement of the land by the government of the Federation for public purposes of the Federation.
(b) the requirement of the land for mining purposes or oil pipelines or for any purpose connected therewith;
(c) the requirement of the land for the extraction of building materials;
(d) the alienation by the occupier by sale, assignment, mortgage, transfer of possession, sublease, bequest or otherwise of the right of occupancy without the requisite consent or approval.
(4) The Governor shall revoke a right of occupancy in the event of the issue of a notice by or on behalf of the (Head of the Federal Military Government) if such notice declares such land to be required by the Government for public purposes.
(5) The Military Government may revoke a statutory right of occupancy on the ground of –
(a) a breach of any of the provisions which a certificate of occupancy is by section 10 deemed to contain;
(b) a breach of any term contained in the certificate of occupancy or in any special contract made under section 8;
(c) a refusal or neglect to accept and pay for a certificate which was issued in evidence of a right of occupancy but has been cancelled by the Military Governor under subsection (3) of section 10.
(6) The revocation of a right of occupancy shall be signified under the hand of a public officer duly authorised in that behalf by the Governor and notice thereof shall be given to the holder.
(7) The title of the holder of a right of occupancy shall be extinguished on receipt by him or a notice given under subsection (5) or on such later date as may be stated in the notice.
Section 29 of the Land Use Act 2004
Compensation payable on revocation of right of occupancy by Governor in certain cases
(1) If a right of occupancy is revoked for the cause set out in paragraph (b) of subsection (2) of
section 28 or (c) of subsection (3) of the same section, the holder and the occupier shall be entitled to compensation for the value at the date of revocation of their unexhausted improvements.
(2) If a right of occupancy is revoked for the cause set out in paragraph (c) of subsection (2) of section 28 or in paragraph (b) of subsection (3) of the same section the holder and the occupier shall be entitled to compensation under the appropriate provisions of the Minerals Act or the Mineral Oils Act or any legislation replacing the same.
(3) If the holder or the occupier entitled to compensation under this section is a community the Governor may direct that any compensation payable to it shall be paid –
(a) to the community; or
(b) to the chief or leader of the community to be disposed of by him for the benefit of the community in accordance with the applicable customary law; or
(c) into some fund specified by the Governor for the purpose of being utilised or applied for the benefit of the community.
(4) Compensation under subsection (1) of this section shall be, as respects –
(a) the land, for an amount equal to the rent, if any, paid by the occupier during the year in which the right of occupancy was revoked;
(b) building, installation or improvements thereon, for the amount of the replacement cost of the building, installation or improvement, that is to say, such cost as may be assessed on the basis of the prescribed method of assessment as determined by the appropriate officer less any depreciation, together with interest at the bank rate for delayed payment of compensation and in respect of any improvement in the nature of reclamation works, being such cost thereof as may be substantiated by documentary evidence and proof to the satisfaction of the appropriate officer;
(c) crops on land apart from any building, installation or improvement thereon, for an amount equal to the value a prescribed and determined by the appropriate officer.
(5) Where the land in respect of which a right of occupancy has been revoked forms part of a larger area the compensation payable shall be computed as in subsection (4) (a) above less a proportionate amount calculated in relation to that part of the area not affected by the revocation but of which the portion revoked forms a part and any interest payable shall be assessed and computed in like manner.
(6) Where there is any building, installation or improvement or crops on the land to which subsection (5)
applies, then compensation shall be computed as specified hereunder, that is a respects –
(a) such land, on the basis specified in that subsection;
(b) any building, installation or improvement or crops thereon (or any combination or two or all of those things) on the basis specified in that subsection and subsection (4) above, or so much of those provisions as are applicable, and any interest payable under those provisions shall be computed in like manner.
(7) For the purposes of this section, “installation” means any mechanical apparatus set up or put in position for use or materials set up in or on land or other equipment, but excludes any fixture in or on any building.
Section 30 of the Land Use Act 2004
Reference of dispute as to compensation
Where there arises any dispute as to the amount of compensation calculated in accordance with the provisions of section 29, such dispute shall be referred to the appropriate Land Use and Allocation Committee.
Section 31 of the Land Use Act 2004
Exclusion of the application of the Public Lands Acquisition (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1976
The provisions of the Public Lands Acquisition (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1976 shall not apply in respect of any land vested in, or taken over by, the Governor or any Local Government pursuant to this Act or the right of occupancy to which is revoked under the provisions of this Act but shall continue to apply in respect of land compulsorily acquired before the commencement of this Act.
Section 32 of the Land Use Act 2004
Debt due to Government not extinguished by revocation
The revocation of a statutory right of occupancy shall not operate to extinguish any debt due to the Government under or in respect of such right of occupancy.
Section 33 of the Land Use Act 2004
Option to accept resettlement in case of revocation of right of occupancy
(1) Where a right of occupancy in respect of any developed land on which a residential building has
been erected is revoked under this Act the Governor or the Local Government, as the case may be, may in his or its discretion offer in lieu of compensation payable in accordance with the provisions of this Act resettlement in any other place or area by way of a reasonable alternative accommodation (if appropriate in the circumstances).
(2) Where the value of any alternative accommodation as determined by the appropriate officer of the Land Use and Allocation Committee is higher than the compensation payable under this Act the parties concerned may by agreement require that the excess in value in relation to the property concerned shall be treated as a loan which the person affected shall refund or repay to the Government in the prescribed manner.
(3) Where a person accepts a resettlement pursuant to subsection (1) of this section his right to
compensation shall be deemed to have been duly satisfied and no further compensation shall be
payable to such person.