Section 65-68 Bill of Exchange Act 1990
Section 65, 66, 67, 68 of the Bill of Exchange Act [Laws of the Federation of Nigeria 1990] is under Part II [Bills of Exchange – Acceptance and Payment for Honour] of the Act.
Section 65 Bill of Exchange Act 1990
(Acceptance for honour supra protest)
(1) Where a bill of exchange has been protested for dishonour by non-acceptance, or protested for better security, and is not overdue, any person, not being a party already liable thereon, may, with the consent of the holder, intervene and accept the bill supra protest, for the honour of any party liable thereon, or for the honour of the person for whose account the bill is drawn.
(2) A bill may be accepted for honour for part only of the sum for which it is drawn.
(3) An acceptance for honour supra protest in order to be valid must-
(a) be written on the bill, and indicate that it is an acceptance for honour;
(b) be signed by the acceptor for honour.
(4) Where an acceptance for honour does not expressly state for whose honour it is made, it is deemed to be an acceptance for the honour of the drawer.
(5) Where a bill payable after sight is accepted for honour, its maturity is calculated from the date of the noting for non-acceptance, and not from the date of the acceptance for honour.
Section 66 Bill of Exchange Act 1990
(Liability of acceptor for honour)
(1) The acceptor for honour of a bill by accepting it engages that he will, on due presentment, pay the bill according to the tenor of his acceptance, if it is not paid by the drawee, provided it has been duly presented for payment, and protested for non-payment, and that he receives notice of these facts.
(2) The acceptor for honour is liable to the holder and to all the parties to bill subsequent to the party for whose honour he has accepted.
Section 67 Bill of Exchange Act 1990
(Presentment to acceptor for honour)
(1) Where a dishonoured bill has been accepted for honour supra protest or contains a reference in case of presented for non-payment before it is presented for payment to the acceptor for honour, or referee in case of need.
(2) Where the address of the acceptor for honour is in the same place where the bill is protested for non-payment, the bill must be presented to him not later than the day following its maturity; and where the address of the acceptor for honour is in some place other than the place where it was protested for non-payment, the bill be forwarded not later than the day following its maturity for presentment to him.
(3) Delay in presentment or non-presentment is excused by any circumstance which would excuse delay in presentment for payment or non-presentment for payment.
(4) When a bill of exchange is dishonoured by the acceptor for honour it must be protested for non-payment by him.
Section 68 Bill of Exchange Act 1990
(Payment for honour supra protest)
(1) Where a bill has been protested for non-payment, any person may intervene and pay it supra protest for the honour of any party liable thereon, or for the honour of the person for whose account the bill is drawn.
(2) Where two or more persons offer to pay a bill for the honour of different parties, the person whose payment will discharge most parties to the bill shall have the preference.
(3) Payment for honour supra protest in order to operate as such and not as a mere voluntary payment, must be attested by a notarial act of honour which may be appended to the protest or form an extension of it.
(4) The notarial act of honour must be founded on a declaration made by the payer for honour, or his agent in that behalf, declaring his intentions to pay the bill for honour, and for whose honour he pays.
(5) Where a bill has been paid for honour, all parties subsequent to the party for whose honour it is paid are discharged, but the payer for honour is subrogated for, and succeeds to both the rights and duties of, the holder as regards the party for whose honour he pays, and all parties liable to that party.
(6) The payer for honour on paying to the holder the amount of the bill and the notarial expenses incidental to its dishonour is entitled to receive both the bill itself and the protest. If the holder do not on demand deliver them up he shall be liable to the payer for honour in damages.
(7) Where the holder of a bill refuses payment supra protest he shall lose his right of recourse against any party who would have been discharged by such payment.