Section 71-79 of the Nigerian Constitution 1999

Preamble to the Constitution Section 1 – Supremacy of constitution Section 2 – The Federal Republic of Nigeria Section 3 – States of the Federation and the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja Section 4 – Legislative powers Section 5 – Executive powers Section 6 – Judicial powers Section 7 – Local government system Section 8 – New states and boundary adjustment, etc. Section 9 – Mode of altering provisions of the constitution Section 10 – Prohibition of State Religion Section 11 – Public order and public security Section 12 – Implementation of treaties Section 13-24 – Chapter II [Fundamental Objectives and directive Principles of State Policy] Section 25-32 – Chapter III [Citizenship] Section 33 – Right to life Section 34 – Right to dignity of human persons Section 35 – Right to personal liberty Section 36 – Right to fair hearing Section 37 – Right to private and family life Section 38 – Right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion Section 39 – Right to freedom of expression and the press Section 40 – Right to peaceful assembly and association Section 41 – Right to freedom of movement Section 42 – Right to freedom from discrimination Section 43 – Right to acquire and own immovable property Section 44 – Compulsory acquisition of property Section 45 – Restriction on and derogation from fundamental human rights Section 46 – Special jurisdiction of High Court and Legal aid Section 47-51 [Part I – National Assembly (A – Composition and Staff of National Assembly)] Section 52-64 (B – Procedure for Summoning and Dissolution of National Assembly) Section 65-70 (C – Qualifications for Membership of National Assembly and Right of Attendance) Section 71-79 (D – Elections to National Assembly) Section 80-89 (E – Powers and Control over Public Funds) Section 90-93 [Part II – House of Assembly of a State (A – Composition and Staff of House of Assembly)] Section 94-105 (B – Procedure for Summoning and Dissolution of House of Assembly) Section 106-111 (C – Qualification for Membership of House of Assembly and Right of Attendance) Section 112-119 (D – Elections to a House of Assembly) Section 120-129 (E – Powers and control over Public Funds) Section 130-152 [Part I – Federal Executive (A – The President of the Federation)] Section 153-161 (B – Establishment of Certain Federal Executive Bodies) Section 162-168 (C – Public Revenue) Section 169-175 (D – The Public Service of the Federation) Section 176-196 [Part II – State Executive (A – The Governor of a State)] Section 197-205 (B – Establishment of Certain State Executive Bodies) Section 206-212 (C – The Public Service of State) Section 213 [Part III – Supplemental (A – National Population Census)] Section 214-216 (B – Nigeria Police Force) Section 217-220 (C – Armed Forces of the Federation) Section 221-229 (D – Political Parties) Section 230-236 [Part I – Federal Courts (A – The Supreme Court of Nigeria)] Section 237-248 (B – The Court of Appeal) Section 249-254 (C – The Federal High Court) Section 255-259 (D – The High Court of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja) Section 260-264 (E – The Sharia Court of Appeal of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja) Section 265-269 (F – The Customary Court of appeal of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja) Section 270-274 [Part II – State Courts (A – High Court of a State)] Section 275-279 (B – Sharia Court of Appeal of a State) Section 280-284 (C – Customary Court of Appeal of a State) Section 285 [Part III – Election Tribunals] Section 286-296 [Part IV – Supplemental] Section 297-304 [Part I – Federal Capital Territory, Abuja] Section 305-308 [Part II – Miscellaneous Provisions] Section 309-317 [Part III – Transitional Provisions and Savings] Section 318-320 [Part IV – Interpretation, Citation and Commencement] First Schedule Second Schedule Third Schedule Fourth Schedule Fifth Schedule Sixth Schedule Seventh Schedule

Section 71 through 79 of the Nigerian Constitution

Section 71 to 79 of the constitution of Nigeria is titled Elections to National Assembly. It is D under Part I (National Assembly) of Chapter V (The Legislature) of the constitution.

Section 71 of the Nigerian Constitution

Senatorial districts and Federal constituencies

Subject to the provisions of section 72 of this Constitution, the Independent National Electoral
Commission shall –
(a) divide each State of the Federation into three
Senatorial districts for purposes of elections to
the Senate; and
(b) subject to the provisions of section 49 of this
Constitution, divide the Federation into three
hundred and sixty Federal constituencies for
purposes of elections to the House of
Representatives.

Section 72 of the Nigerian Constitution

Size of Senatorial districts and Federal constituencies

No Senatorial district or Federal constituency shall fall within more than one State, and the
boundaries of each district or constituency shall be as contiguous as possible and be such that the
number of inhabitants thereof is as nearly equal to the population quota as is reasonably practicable.

Section 73 of the Nigerian Constitution

Periodical review of Senatorial districts and Federal constituencies

(1) The Independent National Electoral Commission shall review the division of States and of the
Federation into Senatorial districts and Federal constituencies at intervals of not less than ten years, and
may alter the districts or constituencies in accordance with the provisions of this section to such extent
as it may consider desirable in the light of the review.
(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1) of this section, the Independent National Electoral
Commission may at any time carry out such a review and alter the districts or
constituencies in accordance with the provisions of this section to such extent as it
considers necessary, in consequence of any amendment to section 8 of this
Constitution or any provision replacing that section, or by reason of the holding of a
census of the population, or pursuant to an Act of the National Assembly.

See also  Section 221-229 of the Nigerian Constitution 1999

Section 74 of the Nigerian Constitution

Time when alteration of senatorial districts or Federal constituencies takes effects.

Where the boundaries of any Senatorial district or Federal constituency established under section 71
of this Constitution are altered in accordance with the provisions section 73 hereof, the alteration shall
come into effect after it has been approved by each House of the National Assembly and after the
current life of the Senate (in the case of an alteration to the boundaries of a Senatorial district) or the
House of s (in the case of an alteration to the boundaries of a Federal constituency).

Section 75 of the Nigerian Constitution

Ascertainment of population

For the purposes of section 72 of this Constitution, the number of inhabitants of Nigeria or any part
thereof shall be ascertained by reference to the 1991 census of the population of Nigeria or the latest
census held in pursuance of an Act of the National Assembly after the coming into force of the
provisions of this Part of this Chapter of this Constitution.

Section 76 of the Nigerian Constitution

Time of Election to the National Assembly

(1) Elections to each House of the National Assembly shall be held on a date to be appointed by the
Independent National Electoral Commission.
(2) The date mentioned in subsection (1) of this section shall not be earlier than sixty
days before and not later than the date on which the House stands dissolved, or where
the election to fill a vacancy occurring more than three months before such date; not
later than one month after the vacancy occurred.

See also  Section 255-259 of the Nigerian Constitution 1999

Section 77 of the Nigerian Constitution

Direct Election and franchise

(1) Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, every Senatorial district or Federal constituency
established in accordance with the provisions of this Part of this Chapter shall return a member who
shall be directly elected to the Senate or the House of Representatives in such manner as may be
prescribed by an act of the National Assembly.
(2) Every citizen of Nigeria, who has attained the age of eighteen years residing in
Nigeria at the time of the registration of voters for purposes of election to a legislative
house, shall be entitled to be registered as a voter for that election.

Section 78 of the Nigerian Constitution

Supervision of election

The registration of voters and the conduct of elections shall be subject to the direction and
supervision of Independent National Electoral Commission.

Section 79 of the Nigerian Constitution

Power of the National Assembly as to determination of certain questions

The National Assembly shall make provisions in respects –
(a) persons who may apply to an election tribunal
for determination of any question as to whether –
(i) any person has been validly
elected as a member of the
Senate or of the House of
Representatives,
(ii) the term of office of any
person has ceased, or
(iii) the seat in the Senate or in
the House of Representatives of
a member of that House has
become vacant;
(b) circumstances and manner in which, and the
conditions upon which, such application may be
made; and
(c) powers, practice and procedure of the election
tribunal in relation to any such application.

Credit: https://publicofficialsfinancialdisclosure.worldbank.org/sites/fdl/files/assets/law-library-files/Nigeria_Constitution_1999_en.pdf

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